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milicia excelsa medicinal uses

C.C. The commercial values of M. excelsa trees as sources of famous timber known as Iroko is probably responsible for few studies on its ethno-medicinal uses. ), Proceedings XX International Congress of Entomology, Firenze, Italy. IT IS GREAT TO MEET YOU.. C. Berg mvuli, mvule, muvule, iroko TREE MANAGEMENT Compared with other hardwoods, M. excelsa is a fast-growing species and coppices readily. Berg) Populations across Different Biogeographical Zones in Benin, International Journal of Forestry Research, vol. The timber from both trees is known as " iroko " and is used in construction, joinery, furniture making and the creation of mortars for grinding food. … Milicia excelsa on the other hand has also been reported to be used in herbal medicine. End uses. Hence, this study investigated the antihypoxic potential of the ethanol leaf extract of Milicia excelsa in mice, as well as determined quantitatively the phytoconstituents present in the extract. It is also used to remove poison and thorns from the body. It can be used for constructing roads, garden furniture, framework, boat, doors, draining boards, houses, furniture, flooring, building, marine carpentry, gates, trucks, stairs, charcoal, firewood, utensils, frames, cabinet work, musical instruments, toys, panelling and for any long-lasting building purposes that require wood. Milicia excelsa (welw.) 6] Nichols, J. D., Wagner, M. R., Agyeman, V. K. and Cobbinah, J. R. (2000), Patterns of occurrence of, species in natural forest and its relationship to Phytolyma lata. indicating that these plants were rarely used by the informants [Table 2]. GERMPLASM MANAGEMENT After extraction, the seeds should be dried in the shade for a few days to 8% mc. One tree that stands out above all others in the IITA Ibadan campus is the iroko Milicia excelsa. This has consequently led to increased use of medicinal plants therefore the need to conserve and domesticate them. Milicia excelsa Moraceae (Welw.) The majority part of medicinal … timber with international recognition. Milicia excelsa, etc ; Bursaphelenchus; females; morphometry; new species; phylogeny; tail; vulva; wood; Cameroon; Italy; Show all 11 Subjects Abstract: A new species of Bursaphelenchus, extracted from unprocessed logs of Milicia excelsa from Cameroon and arriving in the port of Leghorn, Tuscany, Central Italy, is described. With the tremendous increase in human population and the need for activities such as construction, cultivation, rearing of animals, and environmental development, there has been a tremendous rise on the loss of natural habitats, ecosystems, wild animals, vegetation etc. & Hook.f., Milicia africana Sim, Maclura excelsa Bureau, Morus excelsa Welw.) The part of tree mostly used is the bark. Check for more information on the species: African Plants Database: Names, synonymy and distribution: Global Plant Initiative Interestingly, this dioecious iroko tree appears to be one of the highly priceless trees in the world due to its numerous beneficial potentials. 271–273. Studies also reveal that the iroko is characterised by anti-pyretic, antifungal, antibacterial, analgesic, anti-diuretic, hypoglycemic, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties thus can be used for treating several ailments. C.C. Of the listed species, 88% serve more than one function while 64% are used for firewood and charcoaling, 45%, and 40%, are used for timber and medicinal purposes, respectively. The timber is strong, durable and weather resistant and is much used for outdoor and indoor constructional work, including boat building. Milicia excelsa C.C.Berg (syns Chlorophora alba A.Chev., Chlorophora excelsa Benth. African Teak is a major timber tree from the African continent, its natural range extending from humid forests in West Africa to the savannas of Ethiopia in east and south to Angola, Tanzania, Mozambique and Zimbabwe. Berg) in Ibadan Metropolis, Oyo State, Nigeria, International Journal of African and Asian Studies - An Open Access International Journal Vol.1, pp. The iroko serves as a shade and a decorative tree. Food: Red palm oil extracted from fruit and palm kernel oil extracted from the seeds are extensively used in the preparation of food. 4.8.1 Milicia excelsa (Welw.) Keywords: Milicia excelsa; Anti-inflammatory; Membrane stabilizing assay; Plant biomarkers 1. The iroko leaves, bark and ashes can serve as manure and mulch, which is used for farming produce. Remember to always consult your healthcare provider before making any health-related decisions or for counselling, guidance and treatment about a specific medical condition. 1] Arung, E.T, Yoshikawa, K., Shimizu, K. and Kondo, R., (2005), The effect of. C.C. C.C. Treatment of Stomach Problems. The leaves and the ashes also have medicinal uses. Iroko is the dominant timber in international trade and Tanzania and Uganda had been the major suppliers of iroko in the past. Some people believe that eating iroko leaves is capable of treating mental disorders. African Teak, Iroko, Kambala, Moreira, Moule. The study also produced the UV-VIS and FT-IR spectrum profile for Milicia excelsa leaf which could be used to identify the plant biomarkers and chemical markers. Abstract Background: Milicia excelsa is used to treat mental illnesses among the Hausa ethnic group of Northern Nigeria, but there is lack of scientific investigation to validate this ethnomedicinal claim. 9] Ouinsavi, C., Sokpon, N. and Bada, O., (2005), and traditional strategies of in situ conservation of iroko (. The latex is applied on burns, wounds, sores and against eczema and other skin problems. Leaf preparations are externally applied to treat snakebites and fever and as eye drops to treat filariasis. Berg family Moraceae popularly known as Iroko tree or African teak is a large deciduous tree 30 to 50 m high occurring naturally in humid forests of West Africa (Agyeman et al., 2009). M. excelsa is commonly known as odum or iroko in Ghana. Researchers reveal the presence of flavonoids, carbohydrate, proteins, tannins, saponins and alkaloids in the aqueous extracts from different parts of the African teak, which make it capable of being used to treat diabetes, bronchitis, leprosy, tiredness, heart problems, tumour reduction. (Welw.) Iroko leaves can be decocted and taken for treating gallstones. ... Ouinsavi C, Sokpon N, Bada O. Utilisation and Strategies of In Situ Conservation of Milicia excelsa Welw, C.C. Milicia excelsa Welw. Due to the durability of the iroko wood, it is mainly used for construction work, domestic flooring, cabinet-work, outdoor furniture, boats, panelling, boat-building, instrument, frames and floors. 52: 227 (1982); in Fl.Cameroun 28: 9, t. 2 (1985); in F.T.E.A., Moraceae: 4 (1989). The iroko wood is usually yellowish in colour initially but tends to transform to dark brown colour as the tree matures. Milicia excelsa is widely used in African traditional medicine. 4] Cobbinah, J. R. and Appiah-Kwarteng, J. The lowest UV calculated was 0.005 for Ficus thonningii Blume, and Milicia excelsa (Welw.) M. excelsa is one of the revered medicinal plants in Africa that have been used for the treatment of malaria infection among the Yoruba speaking people of South-Western Nigeria for many centuries. There is limited knowledge on propagation of some of these medicinal plants. Milicia excelsa (welw.) We pledge to keep your email safe. (Moraceae) indicates extensive gene dispersal in a low-density wind-pollinated tropical tree. Bot. Iroko Milicia excelsa with IITA Forest Reserve in the background. Trees are ready for harvesting at about 50 years of … Although the iroko tree is referred to as the African teak, yet it is not related to the teak family. Hence, this study investigated the antihypoxic potential of the ethanol leaf extract of Milicia excelsa in mice, as well as determined quantitatively the phytoconstituents present in the extract. Studies also reveal that the iroko is characterised by. The bark of the iroko tree is characteristically dark grey or pale in colour with thick texture and milky or yellowish latex if given a cut. Traditional healers use 33 medicinal latex plants for 82 diseases or specific uses in Maritime Region of Togo. Because of the highly attractive technological properties of its wood and its multipurpose uses, the species was subjected to intensive human pressure. Hypoxia was induced by sodium nitrite The iroko tree can withstand an annual rainfall of less than 70 centimetres or six months of the dry season but inasmuch as there is a nearby body of water. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2004.10.069. . The fruits are edible and the fruit juice is used for flavoring. Fandohan B, Assogbadjo AE, Glèlè Kakaï R, Kyndt T, De Caluwé E, Codjia JTC, Sinsin B. Berg (Moraceae) is a medicinal plant recommended over tropical Africa as a cure for several ailments including amenorrhea. The main habitat of the iroko tree (African teak) is the rainforest, wet savannah, and evergreen forests. Ethanolic extract of M. excelsa at doses of 250, 500 and 1000 mg/kg/day were evaluated in the suppressive (early infection), prophylactic Molecular Ecology 18(21), pp.4398-4400. The leaves and the ashes also have medicinal uses. Berg [family MORACEAE], in Bull. C.C. Iroko Milicia excelsa with IITA Forest Reserve in the background. These are as follows:- A root decoction is taken to treat female sterility. This is the hallmark of an ovarian lesion or a dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis which may lead to infertility, osteoporosis or endometrial cancer. Milicia regia is a plant of the moist, lowland tropics. Most of the uses of sacred Trees for divine blessings or cure seem based on magical contact. The powdered bark is used for coughs, heart problems and lassitude. Medicinal Rating (2 of 5) Care: liberianfaunaflora.org. The iroko root can be decocted and used for treating female sexual infertility, asthma, piles, lumbago, spleen pain, galactagogue, oedema, scabies, wounds, ascites, sprains, dysmenorrhoea, gonorrhoea, venereal diseases, sprains, loss of hair, rheumatism and aphrodisiac. This plant is widely used in African folk medicine as a decoction to treat several ailments. Due to the overexploitation of the iroko, it has been suggested that it is replaced for certain uses with other similar species such as Lophira alata, difou, doussié, Morus mesozygia Stapf, Piptadeniastrum Africanum (Hook.f.) HI THERE.. I'm Blessing and I'm glad to meet you. The iroko leaves are ovate in appearance, greenish in colour with toothed edge and measure approximately 5 to 10 centimetres. They are applied as an enema to cure piles, diarrhoea and dysentery. & Hook.f., Milicia africana Sim, Maclura excelsa Bureau, Morus excelsa Welw.) African Teak, Iroko, Kambala, Moreira, Moule. The iroko bark is used for producing dyes that can be used for dyeing. Iroko ( Milicia excelsa ) is a commercially important timber tree species formerly known by local people in Benin. As herbal medicine, various plant parts of African Teak are used in the treatment of a wide range of conditions such as coughs, heart problems, inflammation, female sterility, asthma, stomach pain, abdominal pain, wounds, scabies, diarrhea, dysentery, and skin problems. The iroko wood is usually yellowish in colour initially but tends to transform to dark brown colour as the tree matures. INTRODUCTION. Milicia excelsa. Iroko is a major timber in international trade; during the 1960s Côte d’Ivoire exported about 55,000 m³ of iroko logs and 6000 m³ of iroko sawnwood per year, and Ghana 28,000 m³ of … Trees are ready for harvesting at about 50 years of age. Bursaphelenchus irokophilus n. sp. African teak is a large, deciduous tree with a wide, flat crown; it can grow up to 50 metres tall [ 299. African teak is distributed across tropical central Africa. The iroko wood has similar features with that of Tectona grandis L.f. and it is sort of greasy in appearance without odour while the fruit are oblong, fleshy and creased with the seeds encapsulated within the pulp. Berg, in Benin. Some people plant the iroko tree as a landmark and to show boundaries between lands, towns, farms and villages. 2005; 207:341–350. Milicia regia is a tropical, deciduous tree belonging in the Moraceae family. These phytochemicals in traditional medicinal plants are capable of curing ailments like fever, asthma, ... Its fruit has also been reported to be used in masking mouth odour as well as being used as stimulant 34. Privacy Policy: We dislike SPAM E-Mail. Arbre de l'incarnation du roi KPASSE LOKO, fondateur de la ville historique et de la forêt sacré de KPASSE OUIDAH au Bénin.jpg 5,184 × 3,888; 6.99 MB. C.C. The iroko wood is characterised by perfect gluing, nailing, mortise and screwing properties. Milicia excelsa is a tree species from the genus Milicia of the family Moraceae.It is one of two species (the other being Milicia regia) yielding timber commonly known as African teak, iroko, intule, kambala, moreira, mvule, odum and tule.. Distribution and habitat. General Information. 1. 7] Ouete, J. L. N., Sandjo, L. P., Kapche, D. W. F. G. and Yeboah, S. O., Mapitse, R., Abegaz, B. M., Opatz, T. and Ngadjui, B. T. (2014), : A New Benzylic Diglycoside from the Leaves of. It is a large, dioecious tree that grows up to 50 m high . All loci were variable, with the mean number of alleles per locus ranging from 5.86 to 7.69. This is due to its resistance to external damages and insect attacks such as termites. (Phytolyma lata) which destroy the growing point of each shoot and cause stunting or death. All Rights Reserved. 69, no. Milicia excelsa (welw.) Milicia excelsa on the other hand has also been reported to be used in herbal medicine. Medicinal uses are important locally. The latex in the plant is credited with antiseptic and healing properties and is applied on wounds and burns[299 ]. The iroko leaves are also characterised by rectangular mesh of veins that are easily conspicuous. The IUCN has this species on the Red List under ‘Near Threatened’ (BIZOUX, J.-P., 2009). C. Berg mvuli, mvule, muvule, iroko TREE MANAGEMENT Compared with other hardwoods, M. excelsa is a fast-growing species and coppices readily. Mulch is a set of material used to cover the surface of a vegetation of the soil in order to improve the fertility, conserve moisture and boost the well-being of the soil. Background. Cooking is a passion I developed at a very tender age from my mum and this online platform is where I aim to share and grow knowledge in all things cooking. M. excelsa is commonly known as odum or iroko in Ghana. 11-13. The herbal medicine can also be used to unblock the throat from any blockages such as cough and cold. Milicia excelsa and Milicia regia are both traded as iroko and the share of Milicia excelsa in that commerce is unknown. 4.8.1 Milicia excelsa (Welw.) 8] Ouinsavi, C. and Sokpon, N. (2010), Morphological Variation and Ecological Structure of Iroko (. Milicia excelsa (Welw.) Subscribe to Global Food Book's email updates and get a FREE eBook on benefits of organic food. A list of plants commonly cited for their medicinal uses in Ghana has also been given. A root decoction is taken to treat female sterility. A root decoction is taken to treat female sterility. The iroko wood is sort of abrasive as a result of the presence of hard deposits known as iroko stones made up of calcium carbonate within the wood. To accurately estimate the genetic diversity and population structure for improved conservation planning of Milicia excelsa tree, 212 individuals from twelve population samples covering the species' range in Benin were surveyed at seven specific microsatellite DNA loci. It has a wide and rounded crown, tall and straight trunk, and smooth reddish-brown bark. Milicia excelsa (Moraceae) is used to treat mental illnesses, among other traditional uses in Africa, but no scientific supports for its use. The iroko wood is sort of abrasive as a result of the presence of hard deposits known as iroko stones made up of calcium carbonate within the wood. The thick branches of the iroko tree shoot out horizontally thus giving an umbrella shape. The iroko root can be decocted and used for treating female sexual infertility, asthma, piles, lumbago, spleen pain, galactagogue, oedema, scabies, wounds, ascites, sprains, dysmenorrhoea, gonorrhoea, venereal diseases, sprains, loss of hair, rheumatism and aphrodisiac.Treatment of Stomach ProblemsThe milky latex and leaves from the iroko tree can be used to produce herbal medicines that can heal stomach problems such as dysentery. Bark preparations are externally applied to treat scabies, wounds, loss of hair, fever, venereal diseases and sprains. Milicia excelsa. Indigenous Knowledge on Forest Foods & Medicinal Plants in Ghana, Copyright © 2020 Indigenous Knowledge on Forest Foods & Medicinal Plants in Ghana. A root decoction is taken to treat female sterility. , antifungal, antibacterial, analgesic, anti-diuretic, hypoglycemic, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties thus can be used for treating several ailments. Common name: African teak Other common names: Counterwood, Iroko, Mora, Muvule, Odum, Olua, Description. Efforts to establish M. excelsa plantations have proved futile as a result of low germination of M. excelsa seeds a few months … Milicia excelsa C.C.Berg (syns Chlorophora alba A.Chev., Chlorophora excelsa Benth. The consequences of the high demand are that the roots of the medicinal plant species are entirely harvested and the trunk of the tree is circularly de-barked. Milicia excelsa (Moraceae) is used to treat mental illnesses, among other traditional uses in Africa, but no scientific supports for its use. Both the male and female iroko trees have unique distinguishing features e.g; the female iroko trees are characterised by greenish prominent flower spikes that are approximately 5 to 6 centimetres long by 2 cm wide, while the male trees are characterised by white catkins that measure approximately 15 to 20 centimetres extending from the twigs at the leaves axils. It is also taken against stomach problems, hypertension and as a galactagogue, and it is used for treatment of tumours and obstructions of the throat. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});The iroko leaves, bark, milky/yellowish latex and ashes are used for preparing herbal medicines for treating certain ailments and diseases. We used 435 samples collected in West, Central and East Africa. There are large solitary trees in the fields, on the Golf Course, near residential and administrative buildings, and even in the hotel car park. It is a large, dioecious tree that grows up to 50 m high . The bark has analgesic effects, and the gum that oozes from cracks in the bark is a good antiseptic. The medicinal plant usage, which was noted to be the most important category of use is addressed separately in a sec-ond paper. Mulch is a set of material used to cover the surface of a vegetation of the soil in order to improve the fertility, conserve moisture and boost the well-being of the soil. Tropical Africa - Guinea Bissau east to Ethiopia and south to Angola, Zimbabwe and Mozambique. The iroko tree (Milicia excelsa) is originally from Guinea Bissau before spreading to Benin, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Nigeria, United States, Angola, Tanzania, Cameroon, Kenya, Rwanda, India, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zimbabwe. Due to the overexploitation of the iroko, it has been suggested that it is replaced for certain uses with other similar species such as Lophira alata, difou, doussié, Morus mesozygia Stapf, Piptadeniastrum Africanum (Hook.f.) C.C. Interestingly, this dioecious iroko tree appears to be one of the highly priceless trees in the world due to its numerous beneficial potentials. Milicia excelsa, etc ; Bursaphelenchus; females; morphometry; new species; phylogeny; tail; vulva; wood; Cameroon; Italy; Show all 11 Subjects Abstract: ... A new species of Bursaphelenchus, extracted from unprocessed logs of Milicia excelsa from Cameroon and arriving in the port of Leghorn, Tuscany, Central Italy, is described. Preparations from the bark are taken to treat cough, asthma, heart trouble, lumbago, spleen pain, stomach pain, abdominal pain, oedema, ascites, dysmenorrhoea, gonorrhoea, general fatigue, rheumatism, sprains, and as a galactagogue, aphrodisiac, tonic and purgative. Africana, Milicia excelsa and Prunus Africana. and its derivative on melanin biosynthesis. In this first paper, non-medicinal plant uses (build-ing, food, crafting, tying material, poison, symbolic etc.) prota.org . The iroko wood has similar features with that of Tectona grandis L.f. and it is sort of greasy in appearance without odour while the fruit are oblong, fleshy and creased with the seeds encapsulated within the pulp. Range. C.C. 1-5. Forest Ecology and Management 110: 353-358. A decoction of the root and stem bark is taken as an aphrodisiac. C.C. genus Milicia Kasso Daïnou1,2*, Céline Blanc-Jolivet3, Bernd Degen3, ... currently divided into M. regia (West Africa) and M. excelsa (from West to East Africa). It has been cultivated and has grown well in Nigeria, on sandy soils with 2,000 - 2,500mm of rain per year, whereas on coarse sand and gravel with 1,000 - 1,500mm of rainfall, the trees grew poorly and were of bad form[ Holzforschung 59 (5), pp. It is basically four layered, made up of a discontinuous emergent canopy dominated by Milicia excelsa (Iroko), Celtis zenkeri, Terminalia superb, and Antiaris africana; a tree canopy made up of Blighia sapida, young Ceiba pentandra, Entandrophragma angolense, and Ricinodendron heudelotii as the more frequent woody plants. Translate this page: Summary. Because of the highly attractive technological properties of its wood and its multipurpose uses, the species was subjected to intensive human pressure. of iroko as a commercial species in West Africa,” in Proceedings of the Research Advances in Restoration of Iroko as a Commercial Species in West Africa. Although the iroko tree is referred to as the African teak, yet it is not related to the teak family. C.C. Milicia excelsa (Odum-Iroko), one of the most important and high valued tropical timber tree species suffers a high level of exploitation. Milicia excelsa (Welw) C.C. A decoction of the root and stem bark is taken as an aphrodisiac. worldwide. A root decoction is taken to treat female sterility. Socio-cultural surveys were carried out on the basis of a questionnaire administered on 346 respondents in order to investigate cultural and ethnobotanic uses of Milicia excelsa in Benin.. M. excelsa contributes to cure 45 human diseases. Abstract . The iroko tree can withstand an annual rainfall of less than 70 centimetres or six months of the dry season but inasmuch as there is a nearby body of water. Berg popularly called African teak or Iroko belongs to the family Moraceae and it is a large Hence, this study investigated the antidepressant-like effect of butanol fraction of Milicia excelsa leaves in mice (BFME). (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});Soil Enhancement PurposesThe iroko leaves, bark and ashes can serve as manure and mulch, which is used for farming produce. The iroko leaves, bark, milky/yellowish latex and ashes are used for preparing herbal medicines for treating certain ailments and diseases. Due to the durability of the iroko wood, it is mainly used for construction work, domestic flooring, cabinet-work, outdoor furniture, boats, panelling, boat-building, instrument, frames and floors. The iroko wood is characterised by perfect gluing, nailing, mortise and screwing properties. The iroko wood comprises of the stilbene derivative chlorophorin that prevents oil-based paints from drying as well as has the tendency to corrode metal when in contact with the substance. Iroko ( Milicia excelsa ) is a commercially important timber tree species formerly known by local people in Benin. . Berg. This post is for enlightenment purposes only and should not be used as a replacement for professional diagnostic and treatments. 18 MEDICINAL PLANTS/HERBS FOR TREATING DIARRHEA, 18 REASONS YOU NEED THE AFRICAN OIL BEAN (UKPAKA OR UGBA), 35 INCREDIBLE BENEFITS OF RICINODENDRON HEUDELOTII (NJANGSA), 28 INCREDIBLE BENEFITS OF THE BAMBOO PLANT, 19 POWERFUL MEDICINAL PLANTS FOR TREATING HEPATITIS, HERE'S WHAT YOU STAND TO GAIN FROM THE AFRICAN LOCUST BEANS, 18 MEDICINAL PLANTS FOR TREATING DIABETES. Care must be taken to position seedlings in full shade and Subscribe to our e-mail newsletter to receive updates. C.C. Habitat. 2010, pp. Iroko is the dominant timber in international trade and Tanzania and Uganda had been the major suppliers of iroko in the past. Media in category "Milicia excelsa" The following 38 files are in this category, out of 38 total. Brenan (dabéma), azobé, Nauclea diderrichii, bilinga or Afzelia spp. This can be explained by the location of Bata on the mainland with its big forests (Moreno Medina, 1990).

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